Superintendents and chief superintendents wear a row of oak leaves within the silver band. An EEA national shall have the right of residence exceeding ninety days within a one hundred and eighty day period if he/she: plans to pursue gainful employment; has sufficient resources for him/herself and his/her family members not to become an unreasonable burden on the social assistance system of Hungary during the period of their stay, and have comprehensive sickness insurance cover for healthcare services as prescribed in specific other legislation, or if he/she assures to have sufficient resources for … Make a Donation to GameBase.  Oversættelse for 'police' i den gratis engelsk-dansk ordbog og mange andre danske oversættelser. Parcourez plus de 13 000 polices truetype gratuites par catégorie. Police are absolutely right to target drill rappers… their toxic words are responsible for far too many deaths in Britain Op-ed. Chief constable is the title of the head of each United Kingdom territorial police force except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police, which are headed by commissioners. This video is unavailable. Alle kostenlosen Kindle-Leseanwendungen anzeigen. Traffic wardens were administered by the police and exercised some police powers to control traffic or issue fixed penalty notices for traffic offences. traduction police dans le dictionnaire Francais - Anglais de Reverso, voir aussi 'agent de police',barrage de police',car de police',agent de police', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques 3. "MET only" means they are specific for the Metropolitan Police. Police Au Royaume-Uni: Liste Des Forces de Police Au Royaume-Uni, District de La Metropolitan Police, Metropolitan Police Service.  Section 46 of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 has in effect abolished police traffic wardens allowing police to focus on their core duties. acting inspector, abbreviated A/Insp) denotes an officer who is performing the role of a higher rank than the one actually held (sometimes informally termed "acting up"). Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. After Emulator Plugin installed, click "Play" to play game. Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. The PSNI rank structure and epaulette insignia is the same as the territorial police in Great Britain, except that the crown is replaced with the design from the PSNI badge and sergeants' chevrons are point up. DS_Plugin.apk(Can be Instead by Drastic DS) 1. . In many areas parking legislation has been decriminalised and is enforced solely by council-employed parking attendants. There are various grades of special constable which assist in the tasking and management of the constabulary. Investigation report . Before the reorganisation into boroughs, each division had a different code, with sergeants having two-digit numbers and constables having three-digit numbers. Ranks have been created, abolished, amalgamated and sometimes revived during the history of British policing. The "detective" prefix designates that the officer has received suitable training and passed related examinations to conduct criminal investigations.. Watch Queue Queue Tactical advisers can also be of differing ranks, but are most commonly constables or sergeants. In England and Wales, these include the powers to: Some authorities are matters of force or national or force policy and not subject to law, such as authorising the use of spike strips, and authorising the use of safe controlled crashes of pursued vehicles, by trained traffic police officers. Police Scotland headwear is slightly different for the following ranks:, Merseyside Police inspectors and chief inspectors wear similar hats to superintendents in the diagram above. However, when in their formal uniform sergeants wear their rank insignia on their upper sleeves. The RUC was succeeded in November 2001 by the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI), which uses the same ranks, but has a different version of the rank insignia, with the star from the PSNI badge replacing the crown. Après la couleur, la propriété font est certainement l'une des plus importantes pour un document. Cadets appointed Mayor's Cadets are given a special badge or epaulettes to wear. In 2018, Hampshire, Thames Valley Police, Sussex and Surrey standardised on uniforms and rank slides, although proliferation of the new uniform has been limited within Hampshire. The Metropolitan Police, being a much bigger force, uses a different system: The borough code is a two-letter code which follows the digits (but displayed above them on epaulettes). The City of London Police also previously had variations for some acting ranks such as sergeant and inspector: acting sergeants wore their chevrons above their divisional letters (or later "CP" for all officers, following the abolition of the force's divisions), whereas substantive sergeants wear them below their collar number. Kent Police, for instance, refers to its numbers as force numbers and officers wear them on a velcro tab on their stab vest or on a badge attached to their shirt or tunic. Parcourez plus de 13 000 polices truetype gratuites par catégorie. Joining the Met as a new Police Constable is just the beginning of the journey - this could be the start of an exciting and varied career. Inspectors and chief inspectors wear a hat with a silver band instead of a black one. . South Yorkshire Police and Kent Police have PCSO supervisors. Bronze commanders can be of varying ranks and not just chief inspectors as shown below. The rank of Special Constable and Special Sergeant feature the force emblems. Wählen Sie eine Sprache für Ihren Einkauf. Um die Gesamtbewertung der Sterne und die prozentuale Aufschlüsselung nach Sternen zu berechnen, verwenden wir keinen einfachen Durchschnitt.  The Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police is often considered to be the highest police rank within the United Kingdom, although in reality every chief constable and the two commissioners are supreme over their own forces and are not answerable to any other officer; there is also the matter that (in the absence of mutual aid arrangements and similar) a police officer of any rank only holds the office of constable in any of the three UK national jurisdictions in which they have been attested thus implicitly limiting any general comparison or ranking to a chief police officer's home jurisdiction. Officers in all forces of the rank of inspector or above do not usually wear their numbers. Originally, specials held the same ranks and used the same rank insignia as regular officers, but there was a general shift to distinct terms such as "area officer" and "divisional officer" in the 1980s. Most forces no longer use divisional call numbers, and retain only the collar number and rank insignia. The basic police powers of arrest and search of an ordinary constable are identical to those of a superintendent or chief constable; however certain higher ranks are given administrative powers to authorise certain police actions. After Game File Downloaded. temporary detective sergeant, abbreviated T/DS) denotes an officer who has been temporarily promoted to a rank (and so who does actually hold that rank, albeit on a temporary basis), whilst the prefix "acting" (e.g. Therefore, ranks such as inspector have collar/warrant numbers displayed on their public order colour-coded epaulettes that they might not have as part of their normal uniform. Sexual violence is a global problem. The rank of an officer can be found in varying details of the uniform such as headgear, sleeve patches and tunic collar details. police definition: 1. the official organization that is responsible for protecting people and property, making people…. The PSNI has retained the RUC's distinctive inverted (point-up) sergeants' chevrons, worn on the lower sleeve in formal uniform.  Other specialist forces, and those outside of the United Kingdom (including the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and Gibraltar) use the same general system, but often have fewer senior ranks. Under section 107 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (England and Wales only), sergeants and chief inspectors may be designated (by an officer of at least the rank of superintendent) to exercise the powers of an inspector or a superintendent respectively. Today, the 12th day of September at about 13.25, a couple were stopped when they were exceeding the speed limit on the Dumbarton highway in a truck.  Senior special constables wear the same markings on their hats as equivalent regular ranks. Such a designation will generally accompany such an officer being given an acting rank, so for most operational purposes there is no difference between substantive, temporary and acting ranks at Inspector and above (although there may be differences as to pay, pensions and insignia). Police officers do not need to be on duty to exercise their powers and can act off duty if circumstances require it (technically placing themselves back on duty). Express - Aktuelle Nachrichten aus Köln, der Welt sowie Neues vom Sport und der Welt der Promis. Sie hören eine Hörprobe des Audible Hörbuch-Downloads. Met police officers play a vital role in keeping London’s communities safe, whether they’re on the streets, working face to face with the general public, or behind the scenes, delivering a range of specialist services and improving how we police the capital. Police Community Support Officers, in general, do not have a rank system: their epaulettes simply bear the words "POLICE COMMUNITY SUPPORT OFFICER" and their shoulder number, or, in the Metropolitan Police, a borough identification code and shoulder number. Cette page ne contient pas "d'astuce" sur les polices de caractères mais montre l'étendue des variations que CSS autorise sur les polices. Senior officers usually wear distinguishing marks around the outer edge of the peaks of their caps (or under the capbadge for female officers, who do not wear peaked caps). Special constabulary epaulettes frequently bear the letters "SC" (with or without a crown above) to differentiate them from regular officers. The rank insignia is worn on epaulettes on the shirts for formal occasions or ironed onto polo shirts which are used for less formal occasions. Although most forces have now reverted to regular rank titles (with the prefix "special"), only some have reverted to regular rank insignia. Will hits it off with a sexy British spy, leaving Frankie with some unexpected feelings that she doesn't know how to process. Ranks within Volunteer Police Cadet schemes vary considerably across Great Britain. Anyone used to one single national police force may struggle with the many different types of officer in France, so here is our guide to who does what in the French police. However, since 2000, the National Policing Improvement Agency has encouraged special constabularies to return to rank structures and epaulette insignia identical to their regular counterparts. Ihre zuletzt angesehenen Artikel und besonderen Empfehlungen. Inspectors and more senior ranks wore epaulettes at a much earlier stage, although they once wore their rank insignia on their collars. The epaulettes for the constables and sergeants also have an addition of the Isle of Man Constabulary logo and motto above their collar numbers. The fabric used in the crowns is blue, whereas other police forces use red. Lieferung verfolgen oder Bestellung anzeigen, Recycling (einschließlich Entsorgung von Elektro- & Elektronikaltgeräten). Temporary ranks are often used for set periods (e.g. In Nordirland hat der Police Service of Northern Ireland auch diese Aufgabe übernommen. This video is unavailable. Although these forces tend to require high standards of training and accountability, which closely mirror those of the Home Office police forces, they are usually much smaller in terms of personnel, and therefore utilise fewer of the 'standard' ranks. Install Emulator Plugin Apk. Sie ist dabei sowohl für den Nahverkehr als auch für den Fernverkehr zuständig. As a police officer you have one of the most important jobs in the world: to serve and protect the people. Diesen Roman kann man nicht aus der Hand legen…. Your local police force - online. Familles de polices. Nachdem Sie Produktseiten oder Suchergebnisse angesehen haben, finden Sie hier eine einfache Möglichkeit, diese Seiten wiederzufinden. There are several video games based on the manga and anime series Case Closed, also known as Meitantei Conan (名探偵コナン, lit.Great Detective Conan, officially translated as Detective Conan) by Gosho Aoyama.The games primarily revolve around Jimmy Kudo along with his friends as they solve murders in an episodic fashion to a whodunit fashion. Variations of PCSO epaulettes varying between forces, Examples of PCSO epaulettes in the City of London Police. This has been recognised at national level and as part of the Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018–2023 the structure and insignia is under review with the intention to standardise. Normally this is a raised black band for inspectors and chief inspectors, a silver (gold in the City of London Police) band for superintendents and chief superintendents, and a row of silver oak leaves for chief officers. Ranks above chief superintendent are usually non-operational management roles, and are often referred to as "chief officer" ranks, but the longer phrase "chief police officer" or similar in legislation is specifically a commissioner or chief constable, a "senior police officer" being their immediate deputy. It’s not easy, but it is rewarding - packed with new and interesting experiences every day. The ranks are management grades; those holding them are not "sergeants" or "inspectors" for the purposes of the law (for example, authorisations to order the removal of disguises or to set up roadblocks). Due to the nature of their duties, these officers generally wear plain clothes (except for ceremonial purposes) and so do not wear the corresponding rank insignia; however, they still operate within the same structure as their uniformed counterparts. Police definition is - the department of government concerned primarily with maintenance of public order, safety, and health and enforcement of laws and possessing executive, judicial, and legislative powers. Außerdem analysiert es Rezensionen, um die Vertrauenswürdigkeit zu überprüfen. 4. Die British Transport Police (BTP, walisisch Heddlu Trafnidiaeth Prydeinig) ist die in Großbritannien für den Schienenverkehr zuständige Polizei. Sie gilt zudem als eine der erfolgreichsten Rockformationen der Post-Punk- bzw. New Wave-Bewegung. These are not operated, regulated or funded by the Home Office, although they are fully authorised (by Act of Parliament) establishments. In general, they provide the policing for ports, docks, tunnels, or other particular institutions. Laden Sie eine der kostenlosen Kindle Apps herunter und beginnen Sie, Kindle-Bücher auf Ihrem Smartphone, Tablet und Computer zu lesen. Hampshire Constabulary Volunteer Police Cadet programme is divided into units consisting of around thirty cadets with a head cadet, deputy head cadet and team leaders. The lifetime risk of attempted or completed rape is up to 20% for women, but men and children are also often sexually violated.1 Sequelae include unwanted pregnancies; sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; depression; and post-traumatic stress disorder. die Polizei) war eine englische New-Wave-Band, die in den späten 1970er- und frühen 1980er-Jahren die Pop-Rock-Musik entscheidend beeinflusste. Epaulettes are normally black with white sewn on or silver metal insignia, although high-visibility uniforms are often yellow with black insignia. Senior special constables have no authority over regular officers, but very experienced officers may occasionally be given administrative supervision of mixed units of regular and special constables for certain events where no regular supervisory officer is available. Many translated example sentences containing "la police anglaise" – English-French dictionary and search engine for English translations. Zugelassene Drittanbieter verwenden diese Tools auch in Verbindung mit der Anzeige von Werbung durch uns. The gorget patches are patterned after those worn by general officers of the British Army and Royal Marines; the police versions, however, are of silver on black (gold on black in the City of London Police) rather than gold on red, in keeping with the police uniform colours. All officers have a unique identification number. Most of the police forces of the United Kingdom use a standardised set of ranks, with a slight variation in the most senior ranks for the Metropolitan Police Service and City of London Police. Log into Facebook to start sharing and connecting with your friends, family, and people you know. A similar situation has developed in Scotland with the functions of traffic wardens been taken over by local councils. Report a crime, contact us and other services, plus crime prevention advice, crime news, appeals and statistics. How to use police in a sentence. Entry serial number: Nzepm05464676 _Day: Tuesday_ Time: 19.32HRS_ Date: 09/12/08. Very few police Traffic Wardens now exist with a legacy of only 10 police traffic wardens remaining in England & Wales. Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011, Initial Police Learning and Development Programme, The Functions of Traffic Wardens Order 1970, Removal and Disposal of Vehicles Regulations 1986, Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, Confiscation of Alcohol (Young Persons) Act 1997, Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005, Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom, Rank insignia for Great Britain Police officer headwear, List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom § Miscellaneous police forces, List of police forces in the United Kingdom, List of police forces of the United Kingdom, Thames Valley Police: Uniformed police ranks, https://www.hac.org.uk/home/special-constabulary/, "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", "Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018-2023", "Avon and Somerset Constabulary Website - Police Ranks", "Special Constable Ranks FOI Request 2019, Police Service of Northern Ireland: Badges of Rank, "28 day pre-charge bail limit comes into force", "Police workforce, England and Wales: 30 September 2017", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Police_ranks_of_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=996214905, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In relation to police officers of the Home Office or territorial police forces of England and Wales, section 30 of the Police Act 1996 states that "a member of a police force shall have all the powers and privileges of a Constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters". It is a requirement under the College of Policing Public Order Manual that all officers, regardless of rank, display an identifying number on their epaulettes. In South Yorkshire they wear a bar above the words "Police Community Support Officer Supervisor" and the shoulder number. Ich möchte dieses Buch auf dem Kindle lesen. ★Ancien Anglais Polices. Officers taking part in public order and public safety (POPS) events and incidents wear colour-coded rank slides to denote command and support roles. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer ★Ancien Anglais Polices. The Metropolitan Police uses different ranks above chief superintendent. Geben Sie es weiter, tauschen Sie es ein, © 1998-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. oder Tochtergesellschaften. Leider ist ein Problem beim Speichern Ihrer Cookie-Einstellungen aufgetreten. South Wales Police issue Special Constabulary Officers with the prefix of 7 for their collar numbers. Stattdessen betrachtet unser System Faktoren wie die Aktualität einer Rezension und ob der Rezensent den Artikel bei Amazon gekauft hat. Watch Queue Queue. In law, every member of a police force is a Constable whatever their actual rank, in the sense that, despite being a low-ranking or high-ranking officer, all have the same powers of arrest. A few other forces still use divisional codes. With Scott Foley, Lauren Cohan, Ana Ortiz, Tyler James Williams. 2. Other special constabularies use combinations of bars, half bars, pips, crowns, laurel wreaths, collar numbers, force crests and the SC identity (with or without a crown) to distinguish ranks (and/or role). Within the City of London Special Constabulary is the Honourable Artillery Company Specials; members of this unit wear HAC on the shoulders in addition to other insignia. traduction police des polices dans le dictionnaire Francais - Anglais de Reverso, voir aussi 'agent de police',barrage de police',car de police',agent de police', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques Additionally, officers at or above the rank of commander or assistant chief constable wear gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. In addition to the epaulettes being a green colour rather than a black, this is to match their green uniforms. Geben Sie Ihre Mobiltelefonnummer ein, um die kostenfreie App zu beziehen. The ranks below are used by all territorial forces in the United Kingdom, and the specialist national forces: the British Transport Police, Ministry of Defence Police, and Civil Nuclear Constabulary.  Unusually, the star is worn below the pip by chief superintendents and by the chief constable, who wears both symbols above his tipstaves. See List of police forces in the United Kingdom for a fuller description of jurisdictions. There are, in the United Kingdom, a number of miscellaneous constabularies. Momentanes Problem beim Laden dieses Menüs. In both cases, you need to ask and answer questions in English. a single shift when additional supervisory officers are required, or to replace an officer on short-term leave). Acting inspectors were denoted by a crown in the place of their divisional letters, whilst keeping their collar number and chevrons. The Special Superintendent is not currently in use. Police Au Royaume-Uni: Liste Des Forces de Police Au Royaume-Uni, District de La Metropolitan Police, Metropolitan Police Service | | ISBN: 9781159888466 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. In Scotland, however, the mark is a silver band for inspectors and chief inspectors, a silver band and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak respectively for superintendents and chief superintendents, and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak for all chief officers. Dumbarton OAKS police station. During your probationary period, you'll be working alongside experienced officers and gaining a wide range of practical and on-the-job knowledge to compliment your in-classroom training. Officers from the police forces of Scotland and Northern Ireland and non-territorial special police forces have different jurisdictions. Badges of rank are usually worn on the epaulettes. The City of London Police use a different colour scheme for their police headwear. Sergeants wore their stripes on their upper sleeve. Watch Queue Queue police des polices translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'agent de police',barrage de police',car de police',agent de police', examples, definition, conjugation Police officers do not need to be on duty to exercise their powers and can act off duty if circumstances require it (technically placing themselves back on duty). The Isle of Man police ranks follow the structure of other British police rank structures however it is notably missing the Chief Superintendent and Assistant Chief Constable ranks within their own structure.  Most of the British police ranks that exist today were chosen by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police, enacted under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829.  When police tunics had closed collars (not open collars as worn with ties), constables and sergeants did not wear epaulettes but had their divisional call number on their collar (hence they are still often referred to as collar numbers). Join thousands of satisfied visitors who discovered Police Officer, Police Gear and Police Car for Sale.This domain may be for sale! Wählen Sie die Kategorie aus, in der Sie suchen möchten. All Special Constable collar numbers start with a "6" or a "7", The Deputy Chief Officer rank is currently vacant, The Chief Officer rank is currently vacant, Regular Police Sergeant acts as a Chief Officer, Special Chief Inspector acts as Special Constable Lead, Assistant Chief Officer is not currently in use, The Special Sergeant is known as a Section Officer, The Special Inspector is known as a Senior Section Officer, A regular Chief Inspector acts as a Chief Officer, authorise the continued detention of up to 24 hours of a person arrested for an offence and brought to a. extend the length of prisoner detention to 36 hours (granted to superintendents), Sergeant: borough code and one, two or three digits, Constable: borough code and three or four digits, PCSO: borough code and four digits, the first digit being a 7, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 05:38. The ranks at that time were deliberately chosen so that they did not correspond with military ranking (with the exception of Sergeant), because of fears of a paramilitary force. voici la police anglaise. In Thames Valley Police, the ranks are as follows: cadet, team leader, deputy head cadet, and head cadet. Geschichte. Hinzufügen war nicht erfolgreich. Chief constables, the Commissioner of the City of London Police, and all commissioner ranks of the Metropolitan Police wear oakleaves on both the outer and inner edges of their peaks (or a double row beneath the capbadge for female officers). The prefix "temporary" before a rank (e.g. Entdecken Sie jetzt alle Amazon Prime-Vorteile. The Police (engl. Assistant chief constables and deputy chief constables wear two rows of oak leaves. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'police d' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'police 'a d' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Some may commit crimes, while others may be victims of crime. In the United Kingdom, detective ranks are not superior to those of uniformed officers and a detective has the same powers and authority as a uniformed officer of the same rank.  The duties of traffic wardens have been passed to local authority civil enforcement officers (formerly parking attendants) who, under decriminalised parking enforcement, have powers to issue penalty charge notices for breaches of parking laws on highways or in local authority car parks and compel the production of a disabled parking permit (blue badge) for inspection. There is a large variation in the design of epaulettes used across Great Britain for specials. All police forces have used a wide variety of ranks to meet their organisational needs, especially the Metropolitan Police Service. City of London Police insignia is gold where that of other forces is silver. Wählen Sie ein Land/eine Region für Ihren Einkauf. Directed by Amanda Marsalis. Download the Emulator Plugin apk from app or this site. Head police cadet is the highest rank, typically assisted by two deputies. police.com has been informing visitors about topics such as Police Reports, Police Jobs and Police Departments. Constables who are training to become detective constables sometimes bear the title trainee investigator (T/I) or trainee detective constable (T/DC). Anfangs von Reggae, Punk und Ska inspiriert, experimentierte das Trio später auch mit Elementen von Jazz. The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), founded in June 1922, was headed by an inspector-general and had a different rank structure until 1 June 1970, when it fully adopted the rank system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. Officers from the police forces of Scotland and Northern Ireland and non-territorial special police forces have different jurisdictions. Traductions en contexte de "la police d'" en français-anglais avec Reverso Context : la police d'assurance, la police d'état The Deputy Chief Officer of the Special Constabulary rank is named Special Chief Superintendent. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer On the other hand, under section 36 of that Act, only substantive sergeants may be appointed custody officers. a six-month appointment to a particular role), whereas acting ranks, although sometimes held for extended periods, are often used for a very short time (e.g. Traductions en contexte de "par des polices" en français-anglais avec Reverso Context : Il conseille également souvent des assureurs quant à la protection offerte par des polices d'assurance commerciale et professionnelle. Prime-Mitglieder genießen Zugang zu schnellem und kostenlosem Versand, tausenden Filmen und Serienepisoden mit Prime Video und vielen weiteren exklusiven Vorteilen. Instead of the Black and white Sillitoe "tartan" they use Red and White. For example, rank insignia and collar numbers on epaulettes are gold, as are the bands and oak leaves on the caps of senior officers, and officers of or above the rank of commander wear gold-on-black gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. Insignia on hats and uniforms can vary between forces within the UK and the following tables below will not accurately represent all constabularies within the UK. While you are fighting crime and handling emergencies you probably come across many English speakers. Rapport de police , compréhension écrite. Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Dienste anzubieten, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir Verbesserungen vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen.