It has also been shown that there is a lower chance of finding a fast food restaurant in a suburban neighborhood. Mariner Books. However, in April 2011, McDonald's hired approximately 62,000 new workers and received a million applications for those positions—an acceptance rate of 6.2%. Fish and chip shops are a form of fast food popular in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. [21] Chicken Licken, Wimpy and Ocean Basket along with Nando's and Steers are examples of homegrown franchises that are highly popular within the country. Fast-food (AFI : [ˈfæst ˈfʊd]; traduzido do inglês, significa "comida rápida") ou, em Portugal, também comida pronta, é o nome genérico dado ao consumo de refeições produzidas em massa que podem ser preparadas e servidas em um intervalo pequeno de tempo. Buffy a décidé de travailler dans un fast food, le Double Mixte Palace. [34] 34% of children and adolescents consume fast food on any given day, while 80% of children claim that McDonald's is their favorite place to eat at. Many other types of home based fast food operations were closed in the 1970s and 1980s after McDonald's became the number one outlet in the market[citation needed]. chili con carne, potetstappe eller salater. [citation needed] Fast food restaurants rapidly became the eatery "everyone could agree on", with many featuring child-size menu combos, play areas, and whimsical branding campaigns, like the iconic Ronald McDonald, designed to appeal to younger customers. The pair eventually created a mechanized gas grill that avoided the problems by changing the way the meat patties were cooked in the unit. Buffy doit faire un double service le lendemain pour compenser l'absence de l'employé qui a disparu sans laisser de trace. Research in social stratification and mobility 25.3 (2007): 189–203. Another international fast food chain is KFC, which sells chicken-related products and is the number 1 fast food company in the People's Republic of China. Shanthy A. Random House. Fast food was originally created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. This requires a high degree of food engineering. [17] Thus, the Burger King Australian market was forced to pick another name, selecting the Hungry Jack's brand name. [49] McDonald's alone, has outlets in 126 countries on 6 continents and operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide.[50]. In 2018, the fast food industry was worth an estimated $570 billion globally.[1]. "[41], In other parts of the world, American and American-style fast food outlets have been popular for their quality, customer service, and novelty, even though they are often the targets of popular anger towards American foreign policy or globalization more generally[citation needed]. Restaurant où le client est servi très rapidement. [citation needed], Over time, fast food restaurants have been growing rapidly, especially in urban neighborhoods. A Study of Sonic Drive-In Food Safety Scores in the State of Oklahoma", "McDonald's in Japan offers shrimp burger", "WORLD SHRIMP MARKET SITUATION AND OUTLOOK", "Novelty Proves a Hit for Taco Bell in India", "McDonald's nutrition facts to be on food packaging by 2006", " - Food Central - News - Scope of biotech corn product recall revealed - November 1, 2000", "Taco Bell Recalls Shells That Used Bioengineered Corn", " - Food Central - ConAgra stops producing corn flour at Kansas mill as precaution against genetically modified grain - October 18, 2000", "The Food Marketing Defense Model: Integrating Psychological Research to Protect Youth and Inform Public Policy", "U.S. Seeks New Limits on Food Ads for Children", "Tug of War in Food Marketing to Children", "Neighborhood characteristics associated with the location of food stores and food service places", "Which restaurant chains have gone halal – and why? In Egypt, Indonesia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Singapore, all menu items are halal. Excessive consumption of fatty ingredients such as these results in unbalanced diet. American chains such as Domino's Pizza, McDonald's, Pizza Hut, and KFC have a big presence in Japan, but local gyudon chains such as Sukiya, Matsuya and Yoshinoya also blanket the country. [41], The Australian fast food market is valued at more than 2.7 billion GPB and is composed of 1.4 billion fast food meals. In this automatic format, a counter is available for purchasing French fries, beverages, krokets, frikandellen, kaassoufflés and hamburgers and other snacks can be bought from the automats. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go," often does not require traditional cutlery, and is eaten as a finger food. The American company White Castle, founded by Billy Ingram and Walter Anderson in Wichita, Kansas in 1921, is generally credited with opening the second fast food outlet and first hamburger chain, selling hamburgers for five cents each. Une salade, pour rester fraiche et appétissante, est traitée avec une douzaine de produits chimiques (d’après However, the only difference is that they serve Filipino dishes and a few American products being served Filipino-style. [28], In March 2010, Taco Bell opened their first restaurant in India. By making speed of service the priority, this ensured that customers with strictly limited ti… It is usually rapidly served in cartons, bags, or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion which reduces operating costs by allowing rapid product identification and counting, promoting longer holding time, avoiding transfer of bacteria, and facilitating order fulfillment. Some emerging Indian food chains include Wow! [35], Fast food outlets have become popular with consumers for several reasons. [4][5][6][7][8] Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. A fast food restaurant, also known as a quick service restaurant (QSR) within the industry, is a specific type of restaurant that serves fast food cuisine and has minimal table service. In September and October 2000, during the Starlink corn recalls, up to $50 million worth of corn-based foods were recalled from restaurants as well as supermarkets. Dai pai dong and traditional Hong Kong street food may be considered close relatives of the conventional fast food outlet. [79], Despite so much popularity, fast foods and fast-food chains have adverse impacts not only on the job and social skills, but on the health and academic performance of students. Maid-Rites can be found in the midwest - mainly Iowa, Minnesota, Illinois, and Missouri. Tout va bien Aujourd'hui je me marie, j'ai confiance Amoul solo, Gao, l'Algérie, Tunisie, Italie. Het wordt doorgaans verkocht bij daarvoor gespecialiseerde restaurants en kraampjes zoals snackbars.. De fastfoodindustrie is een zeer grote, lucratieve industrie, die groeit doordat mensen steeds minder tijd nemen om zelf te koken. The major fast food chains in India that serve American fast food are KFC, McDonald's, Starbucks, Burger King, Subway, Pizza Hut, and Dominos. However, the Burger King market found that this name was already a registered trademark to a takeaway food shop in Adelaide. — (Route Nationale, page 88, Lol Briggs, Bryan Goodman-Stephens, Paul Rogers, 1994) Variantes orthographiques [modifier le wikicode] fast-food Aujourd’hui, un repas au fast-food est devenu un non-événement, un acte totalement banal, et même quotidien pour certains (faites gaffe quand même, hein, 5 fruits, légumes, tout ça …). [22] Unlike western fast food chains, these restaurants offer four different menus at different times of the day, namely breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, and dinner. Webb, Andrew (2011). It is often pre-prepared and delivered to the shop ready for frying or boiling. A value meal is a group of menu items offered together at a lower price than they would cost individually. Many fast food operations have more local and regional roots, such as White Castle in the Midwest United States, along with Hardee's (owned by CKE Restaurants, which also owns Carl's Jr., whose locations are primarily on the United States West Coast); Krystal, Bojangles' Famous Chicken 'n Biscuits, Cook Out, and Zaxby's restaurants in the American Southeast; Raising Cane's in Louisiana and other mostly Southern states; Hot 'n Now in Michigan and Wisconsin; In-N-Out Burger (in California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, and Texas, with a few locations in Oregon) and Original Tommy's chains in Southern California; Dick's Drive-In in Seattle, Washington and Arctic Circle in Utah and other western states; Halo Burger around Flint, Michigan and Burgerville in the Portland, Oregon area. [21] Harry Ramsden's fast food restaurant chain opened its first fish and chip shop in Guiseley, West Yorkshire in 1928. 2. Con la llegada de los populares drive-through en los años 1940 en Estados Unidos, periodo en el que se hace muy popular servir comidas sin necesidad de salir de un coche, el concepto "fast food" se instala en la vida de Occidente. Japan has its own burger chains including MOS Burger, Lotteria and Freshness Burger. Web. - Derrière le bar : où chaque semaine vous apprendrez a réalisé un cocktails et bien plus encore. Further north in Punjab and Haryana, chole-bhature are very popular and in Bihar and Jharkhand litti-chokha is their staple fast food. When a person is presented with a choice of different restaurants to eat at, it is much easier for them to stick with what they know, rather than to take a gamble and dive into the unknown. Most of these have had to make a lot of changes to their standard menus to cater to Indian food habits and taste preferences. [58] Pizza Hut is located in 97 countries, with 100 locations in China. Il fast food (espressione inglese, letteralmente " cibo veloce", in italiano è anche detta "ristorazione rapida") è un tipo di ristorazione originatasi nei paesi anglosassoni, veloce da cucinare, consumare, economica e con servizio ridotto al minimo. The chains have responded by "reducing packaging waste". Wireless systems allow orders placed at drive through speakers to be taken by cashiers and cooks. In Israel, local burger chain Burger Ranch is popular as are McDonald's and Burger King. A New Restaurant Genre Offers Manhattan More Choices", "Commodity Policy and Agricultural Subsidies", "Fast Food FACTS — Fast Food Facts in Brief", "More Research Suggests Fast-Food Advertising Works on Children", "Children's Reaction to Depictions of Healthy Foods in Fast-Food Television Advertisements", "It's Harder To Get A Job At McDonald's Than It Is To Get Into Harvard", "Trying to raise a family on a fast-food salary", "Our Life Policy Research Notes on takeaways – The UK fast-food market", "World's Largest McDonald's in Orlando, FL", "Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity? Catering trucks (also called food trucks) often park just outside worksites and are popular with factory workers. In Hong Kong, although McDonald's and KFC are quite popular, three major local fast food chains provide Hong Kong style fast food, namely Café de Coral, Fairwood, and Maxim MX. On trouve également parfois de l’acrylamide(… While fast food restaurants usually have a seating area in which customers can eat the food on the premises, orders are designed to be taken away, and traditional table service is rare. Most options are some form of noodles, rice, or meat. [84], There have been books and films, such as the 2004 film Super Size Me, designed to highlight the potential negative health effects from the overconsumption of fast food such as its contribution to obesity. The filling often includes fish, seafood, chicken or cucumber. -aufnahme im Vordergrund stehen und auf traditionelle Esskultur weitgehend verzichtet wird. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In addition to home-grown chains such as Supermac's, numerous American chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have also established a presence in Ireland. [32][33] The environmental group Friends of the Earth that had first detected the contaminated shells was critical of the FDA for not doing its own job. Sales records can be generated and remote access to computer reports can be given to corporate offices, managers, troubleshooters, and other authorized personnel. [35] Antibiotic-resistant infections affect at least 2 million Americans each year, which will leave at least 23,000 of those people to die. Frying foods in vats of searing oil proved as dangerous as it was expensive, and homeowners feared that a rogue cooking fire "might easily conflagrate an entire neighborhood". [20], A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries. They normally offer a wide variety of Asian food (not always Chinese), which has normally been fried. Most of the time they can be upgraded to a larger side and drink for a small fee. [47] There have also been court cases involving start-up businesses during attempts to alter the halal-certified method by machine killing, which is against the beliefs of some Muslims. Many gas stations in the United States and Europe also sell frozen foods, and have microwave ovens on the premises in which to prepare them. Fast Food ist eine Form der Nahrungszubereitung und -darreichung, bei der Rationalität und Funktionalität der Nahrungszubereitung bzw. One of the major parts of his business plan was to promote cleanliness of his restaurants to growing groups of Americans that had become aware of food safety issues. 112–118, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. use mass-produced pre-prepared ingredients (bagged buns & condiments, frozen beef patties, prewashed/sliced vegetables, etc.) [56] Wienerwald has spread from Germany into Asia[57] and Africa. Levinstein, Harvey. [38] Due to this competition, fast food giants have seen dramatic drops in their sales. Caloric Intake from Fast Food Among Adults: United States, 2007–2010,, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. New York. [35], The FDA found that trans fats raises the amount of cholesterol in blood, which raises the chance of developing heart disease which is known as one of the leading causes of death in the U.S.[35] In a recent study, it was found that 11 out of 25 restaurants failed after tests on the use of antibiotics as well. Une telle alimentation peut favoriser l' obésité, le diabète, les maladies cardiovasculaires, certains cancers, des dépressions,, etc. Fast food In Pakistan varies. As automobiles became popular and more affordable following World War I, drive-in restaurants were introduced. Turo-Turo vendors (Tagalog for point point) are a feature of Philippine life. [37] Fast food has been losing market share to fast casual dining restaurants, which offer more robust and expensive cuisines. By making speed of service the priority, this ensured that customers with strictly limited time (a commuter stopping to procure dinner to bring home to their family, for example, or an hourly laborer on a short lunch break) were not inconvenienced by waiting for their food to be cooked on-the-spot (as is expected from a traditional "sit down" restaurant). In 2015, a study developed by was published in the Irish Times, which named Swords in County Dublin as Ireland's 'fast food capital'.[19]. Originally opened in 1953, the founders and owners of the chain, Kieth G. Kramer and his wife's uncle Matthew Burns, opened their first stores around a piece of equipment known as the Insta-Broiler. Tray Days Publishing, 2004, Schlosser, Eric. [37] The guidelines are interested in a healthier lifestyle for children and the growing problem of American obesity. Australian pizza chains Eagle Boys and Pizza Haven also entered the market in the 1990s, but their New Zealand operations were later sold to Pizza Hut and Domino's. The Insta-Broiler oven proved so successful at cooking burgers, they required all of their franchises to carry the device. It is mass-produced food. Despite the success of their operation, the partners discovered that the design of the insta-broiler made the unit's heating elements prone to degradation from the drippings of the beef patties. A hamburger, side of fries, and drink commonly constitute a value meal—or combo depending on the chain. The interior design, the menu, the speed of service, and the taste of the food will all be very similar. The major focus on children by the fast food industry has created controversy due to the rising issue of child obesity in America. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go" and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. Parents could have a few minutes of peace while children played or amused themselves with the toys included in their Happy Meal. Collaborative design techniques, such as rapid visualization and computer-aided design of restaurant kitchens are now being used to establish equipment specifications that are consistent with restaurant operating and merchandising requirements. [81] Two other researchers, Charles Hirschman and Irina Voloshin, highlight their dangerous impacts and consequences regarding hiring and firing of teenage school-goers in the fast-food industry. There are two basic requirements identified in the guidelines for foods that are advertised for children: (1) The food has to include healthful ingredients; (2) The food can't contain unhealthful amounts of sugar, Saturated fat, Trans fat, and salt. [17] During the Middle Ages, large towns and major urban areas such as London and Paris supported numerous vendors that sold dishes such as pies, pasties, flans, waffles, wafers, pancakes and cooked meats. Fast casual restaurants have higher sit-in ratios, offering a hybrid between counter-service typical at fast food restaurants and a traditional table service restaurant. Hirschman, Charles, and Irina Voloshin. Fast food este termenul care se referă la mâncarea preparată rapid și care este servită în restaurantele de specialitate. Fast food chains rely on consistency and uniformity, in internal operations and brand image, across all of their restaurant locations in order to convey a sense of reliability to their customers. : Choisissez l'offre de riches buffets et de la restauration rapide. [26] As referenced in Bodey's "Localization and Customer Retention for Franchise Service Systems" article, J. L. Bradach claims that a franchise will either use the tactical or strategic local response. [23] The UK has adopted fast food from other cultures as well, such as pizza, doner kebab, and curry. By the same token, completely meatless options were introduced to the menu due to the prevalence of vegetarianism throughout the country. [43], A study done by researchers from the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College saw results that suggest that when children watch more commercial television (and see more advertisements on fast food), they are more inclined to ask to visit these subsequent fast food restaurants. They claim this funding allows these workers to "afford health care, food, and other basic necessities".[30][31]. C'est un travail ingrat ; l'ambiance est assez lourde et le directeur semble bien étrange. Australia's fast food market began in 1968, with the opening of several American franchises including McDonald's and KFC. [42] This has put into question whether urbanized neighborhoods were targeted, which causes a more unhealthy group of people compared to people from a higher socioeconomic status. Berkeley: University of California P, 2003. De plus, c'est là-bas que l'histoire du fast-food a commencé. There are many international chains serving fast food, including Nandos, Burger King, KFC, McDonald's, Domino's Pizza, Fatburger, Dunkin' Donuts, Subway, Pizza Hut, Hardees, Telepizza, Steak Escape and Gloria Jean's Coffees. [32] It is usually rapidly served in cartons or bags or in a plastic wrapping, in a fashion that minimizes cost. 1 January 1, 2004 pp. [40] However, it was not until 2011 that Congress requested guidelines be put in place by the CFBAI, FDA, Agriculture Department, and Centers for Disease Control. [43], The introduction of the halal option by some fast food companies saw the expansion of fast food chains into Muslim majority countries has resulted in a rise of restaurant options in non-western nations and has also increased revenue for some western restaurant chains. A quick serving of South Indian thali at Haldiram's Gurgaon restaurant. Momo, Haldiram's, Faaso's and Café Coffee Day. [78], Although trying to overcome criticism through healthy options on fast food menus, Marion Nestle, who serves as the chair of New York University's Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, suggests that fast-food industries intentionally market unhealthy foods to children through advertising options and therefore create customers for life. Fast food outlets are take-away or take-out providers that promise quick service. Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart had already opened the first Horn & Hardart Automat in Philadelphia in 1902, but their "Automat" at Broadway and 13th Street, in New York City, created a sensation. White Castle was successful from its inception and spawned numerous competitors. [25], Due to the importance of consistency, most companies set standards unifying their various restaurant locations with a set of common rules and regulations. November 13, 2015. Additionally, procuring cooking fuel could cost as much as purchased produce. En effet, par exemple en France le plus grand Coca correspond au plus petit aux Etats-Unis. [7] By 1961, Kroc had bought out the brothers and created what is now the modern McDonald's Corporation. [20] As a cheap fast food served in a wrapper, fish and chips became a stock meal among the Victorian working classes. fast food Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire. [clarification needed] Also, the percentage of the students having consumed fast food and showed poor grades was around 11 percent more than those who used organic foods. Web. [46] The median age of workers in the industry in 2013 was 28. Coffee chain Country Style operates only in Ontario, and competes with the famous coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons. Kebab shops are also found throughout the world, especially Europe, New Zealand and Australia but they generally are less common in the US. The Dark Side of All American Meals. He introduced uniform products, identical in all respects at each outlet, to increase sales. The hamburger restaurant most associated by the public with the term "fast food" was created by two brothers originally from Nashua, New Hampshire. Most international fast food chains like Subway, McDonald's, Burger King etc. [15] Quiznos a Denver-based sub shop is another fast-growing sub chain, yet with over 6,000 locations it is still far behind Subway's 34,000 locations. [26] Sometimes it is necessary for a franchisee to modify the way the restaurant/store runs to meet the needs of local customers. [26], The United States has the largest fast food industry in the world, and American fast food restaurants are located in over 100 countries. [citation needed] Prior to the rise of the fast food chain restaurant, people generally had a choice between diners where the quality of the food was often questionable and service lacking, or high-end restaurants that were expensive and impractical for families with children. Il y a un demi siecle, les freres mcDonalds créaient le premier fast-food. Print. La nourriture de fast-food, les snacks (frites, chips, biscuits) et sodas en sont des archétypes. Obtaining Human Resource Management diploma or diploma in Fast Food Management can help to get a job in major fast food restaurants since it is one of the most desired. Other fast food outlets, primarily the hamburger outlets (McDonald's, Burger King, etc.) KFC is the most popular fast food chain in South Africa according to a 2010 Sunday Times survey. Schlosser argues that while the innovations of the fast food industry gave Americans more and cheaper dining options, it has come at the price of destroying the environment, economy, and small-town communities of rural America while shielding consumers from the real costs of their convenient meal, both in terms of health and the broader impact of large-scale food production and processing on workers, animals, and land. (Levinstein, p.228-229), Emerging Research on Islamic Marketing and Tourism in the Global Economy, p 123, El-Gohary, Hatem - 2014, (Mello, Michelle M, et al. November 8, 2008. The company also popularized the notion of "take-out" food, with their slogan "Less work for Mother". "Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All American Meal" HarperCollins Publishers, 2005. [55], The examples and perspective in this article, Impact of fast food restaurant availability, "Where White Tower (one of the original fast food restaurants) had tied hamburgers to public transportation and the workingman...McDonald's tied hamburgers to the car, children, and the family." Paradox of Plenty: a Social History of Eating in Modern America. Levinstein, Harvey. The following is a list of notable current and former fast food restaurant chains, as distinct from fast casual restaurants (see List of casual dining restaurant chains), coffeehouses (see List of coffeehouse chains), ice cream parlors (see List of ice cream parlor chains), and pizzerias (see List of pizza chains). Modern commercial fast food is often highly processed and prepared in an industrial fashion, i.e., on a large scale with standard ingredients and standardized cooking and production methods. 1. [citation needed]. What is certain, however, is that White Castle made the first significant effort to standardize the food production in, look of, and operation of fast food hamburger restaurants. Fast food marketing largely focuses on children and teenagers. [26], For the most part, someone visiting a McDonald's in the United States will have the same experience as someone visiting a McDonald's in Japan.